Valimised 2023

Järgmised valimised:

2023 Riigikogu valimised
2024 Euroopa Parlamendi valimised

Kolmikliidu valitsuse lagunemisel 2002. aasta jaanuaris siirdus Riigikogu Mõõdukate 17-liikmeline saadikurühm opositsiooni. Ennekõike vastuoluliste erastamisotsuste tagajärjel oli erakonna maine sügavas madalseisus ning 2002. aasta oktoobri kohalikel valimistel tuli vastu võtta kaotus Tallinnas. Ilves astus erakonna juhi kohalt tagasi. Erakonna uueks juhiks valiti Ivari Padar.

Suure jõupingutusega õnnestus sotsiaaldemokraatidel mõni kuu hiljem toimunud parlamendivalimistel ületada viieprotsendiline valimiskünnis ning saada Riigikogus kuuekohaline esindatus.

Sel kriitilisel ajal algas ka erakonna taassünd. Mõnda aega väldanud arutelu partei sisu ja vormi ühendamise üle vormus konkreetseks ettepanekuks ja otsuseks 2004. aasta veebruaris korraldatud üldkogul: partei võttis endale tagasi õige nime, Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond (SDE). Mõni kuu hiljem toimunud Euroopa Parlamendi valimistel saavutasid sotsiaaldemokraadid hiilgava võidu: kolm kohta kuuest ning ligi 37% valimas käinute toetusest. Toomas Hendrik Ilves üksi kogus rohkem hääli kui mitu parlamendierakonda kokku.

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